It’s 2022. Do You Know Where Your 401(k)s Are?
That’s a lot of money.
Chances are, if you’ve had more than one job in your life, you have left behind a 401(k) or two. 401(k)s are one of the most popular retirement savings vehicles for Americans. By the end of 2020, according to the white paper, Americans had accumulated over $6.7 trillion in 401(k) accounts.
These accounts are employer-sponsored, which means they’re provided by and linked to our employers. This also means that they don’t automatically come with us when we leave an employer. And since changing jobs can be a stressful and busy time, it makes sense that many people would forget about their 401(k) along the way. In fact, an additional 2.8 million accounts are left-behind by job changers each year.
But, why should you care?
That’s Your Money
Despite what you might believe, any money that you put into a 401(k) is actually your money, even if you leave that employer eventually. One caveat is that any match amount that didn’t fully vest while you still worked there will be taken back by the employer. But any match amount that vested is yours, along with the money you put in yourself.
This money is crucial for your ability to retire and support yourself when you’re older. The average forgotten 401(k) account balance is $55,400, which would grow significantly over the course of your career if you continued to add to it. So you want to make sure you’re being strategic and thoughtful with this money as you change jobs.
Note: This is a good time to find out what the vesting period is at your current employer. That way, you can time your exit in a way that allows you to take that full 401(k) match with you if and when you leave.
You’re Paying 401(k) Fees
Investors might not realize it, but 401(k) accounts provided by employers typically incur ongoing fees. Two-thirds of Americans don’t know what they’re paying in 401(k) fees. In fact, according to Capitalize’s white paper, nearly half of Americans estimate they’re paying less than .5% of total assets in 401(k) fees and costs — but only 10% of all plans charge less than .4%. Of course, all investment accounts come with fees, but when you’re not in control of your old 401(k), you could be vastly overpaying. According to Capitalize, you can retire up to 4 years earlier just by reducing your 401(k) fees. That could be huge for some people.
You Lose Out In Retirement
According to Capitalize’s white paper, leaving behind a forgotten 401(k) account has the potential to cost an individual almost $700,000 in foregone retirement savings over a lifetime. This is due to the risk of a forgotten 401(k) being in a higher-fee plan and poorly allocated investments. $700,000 is more than some people could ever dream of having saved for retirement. It’s certainly an amount that would make or break someone’s ability to retire at all.
So, what should you do?
You’re obviously not alone, since possibly tens of millions of Americans are in the same situation as you. And all is not lost. There are still steps you can take to make this right. Take a moment to calm yourself down and stop beating yourself up. Panicking and punishing yourself won’t change anything or fix anything. But taking action will.
Find Your Old 401(k)s
First things first: find your old 401(k) accounts.
If you remember which brokerages your old 401(k)s were held in, log back into those accounts. If you don’t remember where the money is, reach out to your old employer to get that information. From there, you can take steps to log into your account.
If you’re not comfortable or unable to reach out to your old employer, Capitalize can help! Their platform allows you to search for your former employer’s name to find out which investment company they used for 401(k)s. From there, you can start the process of rolling over your 401(k) into a new or existing IRA.
Take Steps To Consolidate Your Retirement Money
Once you’ve located your old 401(k), the work isn’t over! The most important part is rolling it over into an account that you have access to and control over. That way, you can choose a fund that has low fees and good returns. Plus, you’ll be able to resume contributing to that money.
For this step, you have a couple of options:
Roll over your old 401(k) into your 401(k) with your current employer
Roll over your old 401(k) into a new or existing traditional IRA
Typically, you can go directly through the company that is holding your old 401(k) account and have them start the process of rolling that money over. Ideally, they would transfer the money directly to your new 401(k) or IRA, but sometimes they will mail you a check that you then mail to the holder of your new investment account.
This is another step that Capitalize can easily help you with! Through their platform, once you’ve located your old 401(k), you can roll that money into an existing traditional IRA, or a new one that you open through them.
And yes, you must roll this money into a traditional IRA, and not a Roth IRA, due to their different tax structures. A 401(k) and traditional IRA have the same tax advantages. If you were to roll 401(k) money into a Roth IRA, you would have to pay taxes on that money as if it were income.
Continue Saving For Retirement
If your current employer offers a retirement plan, make sure that you’re taking advantage of it, especially if they offer a match. You should be contributing at least up to the match amount, and more than that, if you can afford it. The maximum you can contribute to a 401(k) each year is $20,500, as of 2022, but it’s always subject to increase. Of course, many people can’t afford to max out their 401(k), but do what you can manage. Your future self will thank you.
If you don’t have access to a 401(k)-style retirement account, you still have options! You can open a traditional or Roth IRA and contribute up to $6,000 per year, as of 2022. If you are self-employed, you have even more options. You can open either a Solo 401(k) or a SEP IRA and contribute to those accounts based on how much you’re earning from your business.
I teamed up with Capitalize to help you find and consolidate your old retirement accounts —for free.Check out their platform and learn more!